The flag is one of the main symbols of the state, embodying its sovereignty and identity. The term "flag" comes from the Dutch word "vlag." Since ancient times, the flag has performed the functions of uniting the people of the country and identifying them with a certain state formation.
The state flag of independent Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. Its author is the artist Shaken Niyazbekov.
The national flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a rectangular cloth of sky-blue color with the image in the center of the sun with rays, under which there is a soaring eagle (golden eagle). There is a vertical stripe with a national ornament at the flagpole. The image of the sun, its rays, the eagle and the national ornament are of the color of gold. The ratio of the flag's width to its length is 1: 2.
In the tradition of heraldry, each color symbolizes a certain concept. So, the sky blue color symbolizes honesty, loyalty and impeccability. In addition, the sky blue color has a deep symbolic meaning in the Turkic culture. The ancient Turks always revered the sky as their god-father, and their sky-blue banner symbolized devotion to their father-progenitor. On the national flag of Kazakhstan, it symbolizes the clear sky, peace and prosperity, and the monochromatic background is the unity of our country.
Based on the heraldic canons, the sun symbolizes wealth and abundance, life and energy. Therefore, the rays of the sun on the flag of the country have the shape of a grain - a symbol of prosperity and prosperity. The image of the sun in the state attributes of Kazakhstan confirms its adherence to universal values and indicates that the new young state is full of life-affirming energy and is open to all countries of the world for partnership and cooperation.
The image of an eagle (golden eagle) is one of the main heraldic attributes that have long been used in the coats of arms and flags of many nations. This image is usually perceived as a symbol of power, clairvoyance and generosity. The golden eagle soaring under the sun personifies the strength of the state, its sovereignty and independence, striving for lofty goals and a sustainable future. The image of the golden eagle occupies a special place in the worldview of the Eurasian nomads. They associate him with such concepts as freedom and loyalty, a sense of dignity and courage, power and purity of thoughts. The stylized silhouette of a golden golden eagle reflects the aspiration of a young sovereign state to the heights of world civilization.
An important element of the national flag is a vertical stripe with a national ornament located at its flagpole. Kazakh ornament is one of the forms of specific artistic perception of the world in strict accordance with the aesthetic tastes of the people. Representing the harmony of various shapes and lines, it is an expressive means of revealing the inner world of the people. The national ornament along the flagstaff symbolizes the culture and traditions of the people of Kazakhstan.
The coat of arms is one of the main symbols of the state. The term "coat of arms" comes from the German word "erbe" (inheritance) and means a hereditary distinctive sign - a combination of figures and objects that are given symbolic meaning.
History testifies that even the nomads of the Bronze Age, who lived on the territory of modern Kazakhstan, identified themselves with a special symbol - a totem, the graphic expression of which was later called "tamga". For the first time this term began to be used in the Turkic Kaganate.
The coat of arms of sovereign Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. Its authors are famous architects Zhandarbek Malibekov and Shot-Aman Ualikhanov.
The state emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan has the shape of a circle (wheel) - it is a symbol of life and eternity, which enjoyed special honor among the nomads of the Great Steppe.
The central heraldic element in the state emblem is the image of the shanyrak (the upper vaulted part of the yurt) on a blue background, from which uyks (supports) radiate in all directions in the form of sunbeams. Images of mythical winged horses are located to the right and left of the shanyrak. In the upper part there is a volumetric five-pointed star, and in the lower part there is an inscription "Kazakhstan". The image of the star, shanyrak, uyks, mythical horses, as well as the inscription “Kazakstan” are made in gold color.
Shanyrak is the main system-forming part of the yurt, shaped like a heavenly dome and is one of the key elements of life in the traditional culture of the Eurasian nomads. In the state emblem of the republic, the image of a shanyrak is a symbol of a common home and a single homeland for all peoples living in the country. The stable development of Kazakhstan depends on the well-being of every citizen, just as the strength and stability of the shanyrak depends on the reliability of all its uyk (supports).
Winged mythical horses - tulpars in the state emblem are a key heraldic element. From time immemorial, the image of a horse has embodied such concepts as courage, loyalty and strength. The wings symbolize the centuries-old dream of the multinational people of Kazakhstan to build a strong and prosperous state. They testify to pure thoughts and a desire for consistent improvement and creative development. The golden wings of horses also resemble golden ears of corn and personify the industriousness of Kazakhstanis and the material well-being of the country.
In the past centuries, horns were actively used in the cult rites of nomads, as well as the tops of their battle banners. Images of heavenly grace, earthly fertility and military luck in the form of horns of various animals have always occupied significant places in the symbolic compositions of various peoples. Thus, the cornucopia winged horse is an important typological image that has deep semantic and historical roots.
Another detail in the state emblem of the republic is the five-pointed star. This symbol has been used by humanity since ancient times and personifies the constant striving of people for the light of truth, for everything sublime and eternal. The image of the star in the state emblem reflects the desire of the people of Kazakhstan to create a country open for cooperation and partnership with all the peoples of the world. The hearts and arms of the people of Kazakhstan are open to representatives of all five continents.
The main color used in the national emblem is the color of gold, which serves as a symbol of wealth, justice and generosity. There is also the color of the flag - sky blue, which is in harmony with the color of gold and symbolizes a clear sky, peace and prosperity.
The anthem is one of the main symbols of the state. The term "hymn" itself comes from the Greek word "gmedical deviceseo" and means "solemn song". The anthem serves as an important sound symbolism, which is of key importance for the effective socio-political consolidation and ethnocultural identification of the citizens of the country.
In the history of independent Kazakhstan, the country's national anthem was approved twice - in 1992 and in 2006.
After the republic gained state sovereignty in 1992, a competition was announced for the music and text of the anthem of Kazakhstan. As a result of the competition, it was decided to keep the musical version of the anthem of the Kazakh SSR. Thus, Mukan Tulebaev, Yevgeny Brusilovsky and Latif Khamidi became the authors of the music for the first Kazakh anthem. The competition for the best text was also won by a group of authors represented by famous poets: Muzafar Alimbayev, Kadyr Myrzaliev, Tumanbay Moldagaliev and the poetess Zhadyra Daribayeva.
In order to popularize the sound symbols of the country, a new national anthem was adopted in 2006. It was based on the popular patriotic song “Meniң Kazakstanym”. It was written in 1956 by Shamshi Kaldayakov on the verses of Zhumeken Nazhimedenov. To give the song the high status of the national anthem and a more solemn sound, the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev finalized the original text. At a joint meeting of the chambers on January 6, 2006, the Parliament of Kazakhstan made appropriate amendments to the Decree "On State Symbols" and approved the new national anthem of the country.